Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It is also crucial to be aware of the signs, so you can tell whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or fails to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it effectively.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high in time. This can cause issues in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades and eventually lead to the complete absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races as well as ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
One of the early warning signs of women with diabetes is increased thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys aren’t equipped to get rid of it in a proper manner.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.
Men can also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, such as fruits, whole grains, vegetables, beans and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are usually high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are often combined with changes in lifestyle, like exercise and diet to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will help you choose the best medicine for your personal preferences and needs.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.