Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body is unable to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms so you can tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also cause damage to your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over several months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races and ethnicities age, genders, and ages. Women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more prone to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.
One of the early warning signs of women with diabetes is a rise in thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys are not able to remove it.
Men with diabetes: Symptoms
In the case of diabetes the cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters a day.
Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle to make energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also consider limiting the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks are usually packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, like exercise and diet to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed on one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you pick the best medication for your preferences and needs.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and they come in both tablets and injections.