Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions each year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the onset of the disease. It is important to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it work properly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause problems with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It may also cause damage to the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or even years, eventually resulting in an absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to maintain their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They also may need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races and ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t filter it out.
Symptoms of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This causes elevated blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters per day.
Men can also lose weight as their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are great choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to select the right medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, have cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they come in both tablet and injection forms.