Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the onset of the disease. It is also important to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over months or years, eventually leading to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to maintain their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood glucose levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.
One of the early signs of diabetes in women is a higher thirst and increased the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to get rid of it correctly.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is usually because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can lead to elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids, up to 4 liters a day.
Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with changes in lifestyle, like diet and physical activity, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you might require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the risk of developing complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and come in both tablet and injection forms.