Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the disease. It is important to understand the symptoms to determine if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it work properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many years or months before eventually resulting in an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is used as energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers must treat their condition with a healthy diet and exercise. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnicities, ages, and genders. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood, and your kidneys cannot filter it out.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
In the case of diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to four liters per day.
Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may need to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks typically contain a lot of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you might require a second medication. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.