Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause problems with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for months or years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.
Type 1 diabetics require insulin every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which is then utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They also may need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races and ethnicities age, genders, and ages. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
One early warning sign of women suffering from diabetes is a rise in thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and your kidneys aren’t equipped to filter it out correctly.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
In diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters daily.
The men may also shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay high for prolonged periods of time.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products, beans, and legumes are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may want to limit your intake of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually high in sugar and can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, like exercise and diet to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled by one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will work with you to determine the most appropriate medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, provide cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and they are available in tablet and injection forms.