Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and can be prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medication. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms so you can tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it correctly.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it work properly.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can cause issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However, women are at a greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
One of the first signs of women with diabetes is increased thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it in a proper manner.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In the case of diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This usually happens because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.
Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also be able to reduce the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are usually combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled on one medicine then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.