Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It happens when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting), which alters the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t utilize it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become excessively high over time. This can cause issues in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This destruction can happen over months or years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar in a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition with a healthy diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races as well as ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it properly.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This causes elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as 4 liters a day.
Men may also shed weight as their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also need to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not well controlled with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will help you select the right medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and they are available in tablet and injection forms.