Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is also important to recognize the signs so you can determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. People with type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels are excessively high over time. This can cause problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or even for years before resulting in the absence of insulin completely.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 the body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races and ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However, women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is increased thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t equipped to filter it out in a proper manner.
The signs of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is usually because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large amounts of fluids. This can be up to four liters a day.
Men may also lose weight as their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks usually contain a lot of sugar that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within normal levels. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you determine the most appropriate medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, have cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.